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From July 2019, airbag, speed alert, parking sensor to be compulsory in cars

Car which will be manufactured in India after July 1, 2019 will need to have dual airbags, speed alerts over 80kmph, seat-belt reminders and manual override over the central locking system for emergency situations. The Union road and transport ministry has approved this decision and it will be conveyed to all the automobile manufacturers in a few days, reported Overdrive.

At present, only luxury cars have such features, which are crucial for the safety of occupants. However, it may be noted that in European as well as other American countries, all cars have these provisions. Union road transport minister Nitin Gadkari has approved the move for passenger as well as pedestrian safety on India’s roads as thousands of people die in road crashes every year. “The new cars will be fitted with a system that issues audio alerts when the speed crosses 80kmph. The alert will be sharper when the vehicle crosses 100kmph, and non-stop when it’s over 120 kmph,” said a transport ministry official, reported Economic Times.

India witnessed 17 deaths and 55 road accidents every hour in 2016, one of the highest in the world, according to the latest report released by the Union road transport and highways ministry. The report compiled by the ministry’s Transport Research Wing said road accidents killed 150,785 people across India in 2016 — a 3.3% jump from 2015 when 146,000 lakh road fatalities were reported — indicating Indian roads continue to be one of the deadliest in the world. All the new 2019 cars will be fitted with a speed governor that will issue the first warning at 80kmph, a sharper one at 100kmph and continuous beeps after 120kmph.

It is said that most drivers have an issue with reversing a car. For their assistance, the rear parking sensors will come handy. There will also reportedly be less money spent on repairs and eventually time too. Light commercial vehicles too will get airbags, ABS and rear parking sensors. ABS will be mandatory for all cars as well. Along with the speed governor, mandatory seat belt warnings too will be installed in all the cars. Currently cars have this facility but only for the driver. The front passenger too will get an alert if they haven’t worn their seat belt.

In case of emergency situations like during an accident or collision, crash sensors wired to an on-board computer trigger an airbag. The airbag inflates automatically to prevent occupants from hitting the dashboard, steering wheel or windshield. Side airbags reduce the risk of occupants injuring themselves during a side impact. Antilock Braking System (ABS) prevents a car’s wheels from locking up during “emergency” braking. ABS allows the driver to steer the car and swerve away from harm’s way even under hard braking. According to WHO studies, a seat belt reduces the risk of fatal injury by 50% for front seat occupants. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, seat belts reduce the risk of death in vehicle accidents by around 50%. Safe defensive driving tips, like encouraging drivers to put on a seat belt have the ability to protect drivers and passengers.

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